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Android Fastboot
The protocol that is used over USB is described in in same directory.
The current implementation is a minimal support of the erase command,the
"oem format" command and flash command;it only supports eMMC devices.
Client installation
The counterpart to this gadget is the fastboot client which can
be found in Android's platform/system/core repository in the fastboot
folder. It runs on Windows, Linux and even OSX. Linux user are lucky since
they only need libusb.
Windows users need to bring some time until they have Android SDK (currently installed. You
need to install ADB package which contains the required glue libraries for
accessing USB. Also you need "Google USB driver package" and "SDK platform
tools". Once installed the usb driver is placed in your SDK folder under
extras\google\usb_driver. The android_winusb.inf needs a line like
%SingleBootLoaderInterface% = USB_Install, USB\VID_0451&PID_D022
either in the [Google.NTx86] section for 32bit Windows or [Google.NTamd64]
for 64bit Windows. VID and PID should match whatever the fastboot is
Board specific
The fastboot gadget relies on the USB download gadget, so the following
options must be configured:
NOTE: The CONFIG_G_DNL_VENDOR_NUM must be one of the numbers supported by
the fastboot client. The list of vendor IDs supported can be found in the
fastboot client source code (fastboot.c) mentioned above.
The fastboot function is enabled by defining CONFIG_USB_FUNCTION_FASTBOOT,
The fastboot protocol requires a large memory buffer for downloads. This
buffer should be as large as possible for a platform. The location of the
buffer and size are set with CONFIG_FASTBOOT_BUF_ADDR and
Fastboot partition aliases can also be defined for devices where GPT
limitations prevent user-friendly partition names such as "boot", "system"
and "cache". Or, where the actual partition name doesn't match a standard
partition name used commonly with fastboot. Current implentation checks
aliases when accessing partitions by name (flash_write and erase functions).
To define a partition alias add an environment variable similar to:
fastboot_partition_alias_<alias partition name>=<actual partition name>
Example: fastboot_partition_alias_boot=LNX
Partition Names
The Fastboot implementation in U-boot allows to write images into disk
partitions (currently on eMMC). Target partitions are referred on the host
computer by their names.
For GPT/EFI the respective partition name is used.
For MBR the partitions are referred by generic names according to the
following schema:
<device type> <device index letter> <partition index>
Example: hda3, sdb1, usbda1
The device type is as follows:
* IDE, ATAPI and SATA disks: hd
* SCSI disks: sd
* USB media: usbd
* MMC and SD cards: mmcsd
* Disk on chip: docd
* other: xx
The device index starts from 'a' and refers to the interface (e.g. USB
controller, SD/MMC controller) or disk index. The partition index starts
from 1 and describes the partition number on the particular device.
Writing Partition Table
Fastboot also allows to write the partition table to the media. This can be
done by writing the respective partition table image to a special target
"gpt" or "mbr". These names can be customized by defining the following
configuration options:
In Action
Enter into fastboot by executing the fastboot command in u-boot and you
should see:
|GADGET DRIVER: usb_dnl_fastboot
On the client side you can fetch the bootloader version for instance:
|>fastboot getvar bootloader-version
|bootloader-version: U-Boot 2014.04-00005-gd24cabc
|finished. total time: 0.000s
or initiate a reboot:
|>fastboot reboot
and once the client comes back, the board should reset.
You can also specify a kernel image to boot. You have to either specify
the an image in Android format _or_ pass a binary kernel and let the
fastboot client wrap the Android suite around it. On OMAP for instance you
take zImage kernel and pass it to the fastboot client:
|>fastboot -b 0x80000000 -c "console=ttyO2 earlyprintk root=/dev/ram0
| mem=128M" boot zImage
|creating boot image...
|creating boot image - 1847296 bytes
|downloading 'boot.img'...
|OKAY [ 2.766s]
|OKAY [ -0.000s]
|finished. total time: 2.766s
and on the gadget side you should see:
|Starting download of 1847296 bytes
|downloading of 1847296 bytes finished
|Booting kernel..
|## Booting Android Image at 0x81000000 ...
|Kernel load addr 0x80008000 size 1801 KiB
|Kernel command line: console=ttyO2 earlyprintk root=/dev/ram0 mem=128M
| Loading Kernel Image ... OK
|Starting kernel ...