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T1024 SoC Overview
The T1024/T1023 dual core and T1014/T1013 single core QorIQ communication processor
combines two or one 64-bit Power Architecture e5500 core respectively with high
performance datapath acceleration logic, and network peripheral bus interfaces
required for networking and telecommunications. This processor can be used in
applications such as enterprise WLAN access points, routers, switches, firewall
and other packet processing intensive small enterprise and branch office appliances,
and general-purpose embedded computing. Its high level of integration offers
significant performance benefits and greatly helps to simplify board design.
The T1024 SoC includes the following function and features:
- two e5500 cores, each with a private 256 KB L2 cache
- Up to 1.4 GHz with 64-bit ISA support (Power Architecture v2.06-compliant)
- Three levels of instructions: User, supervisor, and hypervisor
- Independent boot and reset
- Secure boot capability
- 256 KB shared L3 CoreNet platform cache (CPC)
- Interconnect CoreNet platform
- CoreNet coherency manager supporting coherent and noncoherent transactions
with prioritization and bandwidth allocation amongst CoreNet endpoints
- 150 Gbps coherent read bandwidth
- 32-/64-bit DDR3L/DDR4 SDRAM memory controller with ECC and interleaving support
- Data Path Acceleration Architecture (DPAA) incorporating acceleration for the following functions:
- Packet parsing, classification, and distribution
- Queue management for scheduling, packet sequencing, and congestion management
- Cryptography Acceleration (SEC 5.x)
- IEEE 1588 support
- Hardware buffer management for buffer allocation and deallocation
- MACSEC on DPAA-based Ethernet ports
- Ethernet interfaces
- Four 1 Gbps Ethernet controllers
- Parallel Ethernet interfaces
- Two RGMII interfaces
- High speed peripheral interfaces
- Three PCI Express 2.0 controllers/ports running at up to 5 GHz
- One SATA controller supporting 1.5 and 3.0 Gb/s operation
- One QSGMII interface
- Four SGMII interface supporting 1000 Mbps
- Three SGMII interfaces supporting up to 2500 Mbps
- 10GbE XFI or 10Base-KR interface
- Additional peripheral interfaces
- Two USB 2.0 controllers with integrated PHY
- eSPI controller
- Four I2C controllers
- Four UARTs
- Four GPIO controllers
- Integrated flash controller (IFC)
- LCD interface (DIU) with 12 bit dual data rate
- Multicore programmable interrupt controller (PIC)
- Two 8-channel DMA engines
- Single source clocking implementation
- Deep Sleep power implementaion (wakeup from GPIO/Timer/Ethernet/USB)
- QUICC Engine block
- 32-bit RISC controller for flexible support of the communications peripherals
- Serial DMA channel for receive and transmit on all serial channels
- Two universal communication controllers, supporting TDM, HDLC, and UART
T1023 Personality
T1023 is a reduced personality of T1024 without QUICC Engine, DIU, and
unavailable deep sleep. Rest of the blocks are almost same as T1024.
Differences between T1024 and T1023
Feature T1024 T1023
QUICC Engine: yes no
DIU: yes no
Deep Sleep: yes no
I2C controller: 4 3
DDR: 64-bit 32-bit
IFC: 32-bit 28-bit
T1024QDS board Overview
- SERDES Connections
4 lanes supporting the following:
- PCI Express: supports Gen 1 and Gen 2
- SGMII 1G and SGMII 2.5G
- SATA 2.0
- High-speed multiplexers route the SerDes traffic to appropriate slots or connectors.
- Aurora debug with dedicated connectors.
- DDR Controller
- Supports up to 1600 MTPS data-rate.
- Supports one DDR4 or DDR3L module using DDR4 to DDR3L adapter card.
- Supports Single-, dual- or quad-rank DIMMs
- DDR power supplies 1.35V (DDR3L)/1.20V (DDR4) to all devices with automatic tracking of VTT.
- IFC/Local Bus
- NAND Flash: 8-bit, async, up to 2GB
- NOR: 8-bit or 16-bit, non-multiplexed, up to 512MB
- NOR devices support 8 virtual banks
- Socketed to allow alternate devices
- GASIC: Simple (minimal) target within QIXIS FPGA
- PromJET rapid memory download support
- IFC Debug/Development card
- Ethernet
- Two on-board RGMII 10M/100M/1G ethernet ports.
- One QSGMII interface
- Four SGMII interface supporting 1Gbps
- Three SGMII interfaces supporting 2.5Gbps
- one 10Gbps XFI or 10Base-KR interface
- QIXIS System Logic FPGA
- Manages system power and reset sequencing.
- Manages the configurations of DUT, board, and clock for dynamic shmoo.
- Collects V-I-T data in background for code/power profiling.
- Supports legacy TMT test features (POSt, IRS, SYSCLK-synchronous assertion).
- General fault monitoring and logging.
- Powered from ATX 'standby' power supply that allows continuous operation while rest of the system is off.
- Clocks
- System and DDR clock (SYSCLK, DDRCLK).
- Switch selectable to one of 16 common settings in the interval of 64 MHz-166 MHz.
- Software programmable in 1 MHz increments from 1-200 MHz.
- SERDES clocks
- Provides clocks to SerDes blocks and slots.
- 100 MHz, 125 MHz and 156.25 MHz options.
- Spread-spectrum option for 100 MHz.
- Power Supplies
- Dedicated PMBus regulator for VDD and VDDC.
- Adjustable from 0.7V to 1.3V at 35A
- VDD can be disabled independanty from VDDC for deep sleep”.
- DDR3L/DDR4 power supply for GVDD: 1.35 or 1.20V at up to 22A.
- VTT/MVREF automatically track operating voltage.
- Dedicated 2.5V VPP supply.
- Dedicated regulators/filters for AVDD supplies.
- Dedicated regulators for other supplies, for example OVDD, CVDD, DVDD, LVDD, POVDD, and EVDD.
- Video
- DIU supports video up to 1280x1024x32 bpp.
- Chrontel CH7201 for HDMI connection.
- TI DS90C387R for direct LCD connection.
- Raw (not encoded) video connector for testing or other encoders.
- Supports two USB 2.0 ports with integrated PHYs.
- Two type A ports with 5V@1.5A per port.
- Second port can be converted to OTG mini-AB.
For T1024QDS, the SDHC port connects directly to an adapter card slot that has the following features:
- upport for optional clock feedback paths.
- Support for optional high-speed voltage translation direction controls.
- Support for SD slots for: SD, SDHC (1x, 4x, 8x) and MMC.
- Support for eMMC memory devices.
-On-board support of 3 different devices and sizes.
- Other IO
- Two Serial ports
- ProfiBus port
- Four I2C ports
Memory map on T1024QDS
Start Address End Address Description Size
0xF_FF80_0000 0xF_FF80_FFFF IFC - NAND Flash 64KB
0xF_F802_0000 0xF_F802_FFFF PCI Express 3 I/O Space 64KB
0xF_F801_0000 0xF_F801_FFFF PCI Express 2 I/O Space 64KB
0xF_F800_0000 0xF_F800_FFFF PCI Express 1 I/O Space 64KB
0xF_F600_0000 0xF_F7FF_FFFF Queue manager software portal 32MB
0xF_F400_0000 0xF_F5FF_FFFF Buffer manager software portal 32MB
0xF_E800_0000 0xF_EFFF_FFFF IFC - NOR Flash 128MB
0xF_E000_0000 0xF_E7FF_FFFF Promjet 128MB
0xF_0000_0000 0xF_003F_FFFF DCSR 4MB
0xC_2000_0000 0xC_2FFF_FFFF PCI Express 3 Mem Space 256MB
0xC_1000_0000 0xC_1FFF_FFFF PCI Express 2 Mem Space 256MB
0xC_0000_0000 0xC_0FFF_FFFF PCI Express 1 Mem Space 256MB
0x0_0000_0000 0x0_ffff_ffff DDR 4GB
128MB NOR Flash memory Map
Start Address End Address Definition Max size
0xEFF40000 0xEFFFFFFF U-Boot (current bank) 768KB
0xEFF20000 0xEFF3FFFF U-Boot env (current bank) 128KB
0xEFF00000 0xEFF1FFFF FMAN Ucode (current bank) 128KB
0xEFE00000 0xEFE3FFFF QE firmware (current bank) 256KB
0xED300000 0xEFEFFFFF rootfs (alt bank) 44MB
0xEC800000 0xEC8FFFFF Hardware device tree (alt bank) 1MB
0xEC020000 0xEC7FFFFF Linux.uImage (alt bank) 7MB + 875KB
0xEC000000 0xEC01FFFF RCW (alt bank) 128KB
0xEBF40000 0xEBFFFFFF U-Boot (alt bank) 768KB
0xEBF20000 0xEBF3FFFF U-Boot env (alt bank) 128KB
0xEBF00000 0xEBF1FFFF FMAN ucode (alt bank) 128KB
0xEBE00000 0xEBE3FFFF QE firmware (alt bank) 256KB
0xE9300000 0xEBEFFFFF rootfs (current bank) 44MB
0xE8800000 0xE88FFFFF Hardware device tree (cur bank) 1MB
0xE8020000 0xE86FFFFF Linux.uImage (current bank) 7MB + 875KB
0xE8000000 0xE801FFFF RCW (current bank) 128KB
SerDes clock vs DIP-switch settings
0x6F 100MHz 125MHz 1101
0xD6 100MHz 100MHz 1111
0x99 156.25MHz 100MHz 1011
T1024 Clock frequency
BIN Core DDR Platform FMan
Bin1: 1400MHz 1600MT/s 400MHz 700MHz
Bin2: 1200MHz 1600MT/s 400MHz 600MHz
Bin3: 1000MHz 1600MT/s 400MHz 500MHz
Software configurations and board settings
1. NOR boot:
a. build NOR boot image
$ make T1024QDS_defconfig (For DDR3L, by default)
or make T1024QDS_D4_defconfig (For DDR4)
$ make
b. program u-boot.bin image to NOR flash
=> tftp 1000000 u-boot.bin
=> pro off all;era eff40000 efffffff;cp.b 1000000 eff40000 $filesize
set SW1[1:8] = '00010011', SW2[1] = '1', SW6[1:4] = '0000' for NOR boot
Switching between default bank0 and alternate bank4 on NOR flash
To change boot source to vbank4:
via software: run command 'qixis_reset altbank' in U-Boot.
via DIP-switch: set SW6[1:4] = '0100'
To change boot source to vbank0:
via software: run command 'qixis_reset' in U-Boot.
via DIP-Switch: set SW6[1:4] = '0000'
2. NAND Boot:
a. build PBL image for NAND boot
$ make T1024QDS_NAND_defconfig
$ make
b. program u-boot-with-spl-pbl.bin to NAND flash
=> tftp 1000000 u-boot-with-spl-pbl.bin
=> nand erase 0 $filesize
=> nand write 1000000 0 $filesize
set SW1[1:8] = '10000010', SW2[1] = '0' and SW6[1:4] = '1001' for NAND boot
3. SPI Boot:
a. build PBL image for SPI boot
$ make T1024QDS_SPIFLASH_defconfig
$ make
b. program u-boot-with-spl-pbl.bin to SPI flash
=> tftp 1000000 u-boot-with-spl-pbl.bin
=> sf probe 0
=> sf erase 0 f0000
=> sf write 1000000 0 $filesize
set SW1[1:8] = '00100010', SW2[1] ='1' for SPI boot
4. SD Boot:
a. build PBL image for SD boot
$ make T1024QDS_SDCARD_defconfig
$ make
b. program u-boot-with-spl-pbl.bin to SD/MMC card
=> tftp 1000000 u-boot-with-spl-pbl.bin
=> mmc write 1000000 8 0x800
=> tftp 1000000 fsl_fman_ucode_t1024_xx.bin
=> mmc write 1000000 0x820 80
set SW1[1:8] = '00100000', SW2[1] = '0' for SD boot
DIU/QE-TDM/SDXC settings
a) For TDM Riser: set pin_mux=tdm in hwconfig
b) For UCC(ProfiBus): set pin_mux=ucc in hwconfig
c) For HDMI(DVI): set pin_mux=hdmi in hwconfig
d) For LCD(DFP): set pin_mux=lcd in hwconfig
e) For SDXC: set adaptor=sdxc in hwconfig
2-stage NAND/SPI/SD boot loader
PBL initializes the internal CPC-SRAM and copy SPL(160K) to SRAM.
SPL further initializes DDR using SPD and environment variables
and copy U-Boot(768 KB) from NAND/SPI/SD device to DDR.
Finally SPL transers control to U-Boot for futher booting.
SPL has following features:
- Executes within 256K
- No relocation required
Run time view of SPL framework
|Area | Address |
|SecureBoot header | 0xFFFC0000 (32KB) |
|GD, BD | 0xFFFC8000 (4KB) |
|ENV | 0xFFFC9000 (8KB) |
|HEAP | 0xFFFCB000 (30KB) |
|STACK | 0xFFFD8000 (22KB) |
|U-Boot SPL | 0xFFFD8000 (160KB) |
NAND Flash memory Map on T1024QDS
Start End Definition Size
0x000000 0x0FFFFF U-Boot 1MB
0x100000 0x15FFFF U-Boot env 8KB
0x160000 0x17FFFF FMAN Ucode 128KB
0x180000 0x19FFFF QE Firmware 128KB
SD Card memory Map on T1024QDS
Block #blocks Definition Size
0x008 2048 U-Boot img 1MB
0x800 0016 U-Boot env 8KB
0x820 0256 FMAN Ucode 128KB
0x920 0256 QE Firmware 128KB
SPI Flash memory Map on T1024QDS
Start End Definition Size
0x000000 0x0FFFFF U-Boot img 1MB
0x100000 0x101FFF U-Boot env 8KB
0x110000 0x12FFFF FMAN Ucode 128KB
0x130000 0x14FFFF QE Firmware 128KB
For more details, please refer to T1024QDS Reference Manual and access
website and Freescale QorIQ SDK Infocenter document.