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# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
# Copyright (C) 2018, Bin Meng <>
U-Boot on QEMU's 'virt' machine on RISC-V
QEMU for RISC-V supports a special 'virt' machine designed for emulation and
virtualization purposes. This document describes how to run U-Boot under it.
Both 32-bit 64-bit targets are supported.
The QEMU virt machine models a generic RISC-V virtual machine with support for
the VirtIO standard networking and block storage devices. It has CLINT, PLIC,
16550A UART devices in addition to VirtIO and it also uses device-tree to pass
configuration information to guest software. It implements RISC-V privileged
architecture spec v1.10.
Building U-Boot
Set the CROSS_COMPILE environment variable as usual, and run:
- For 32-bit RISC-V:
make qemu-riscv32_defconfig
- For 64-bit RISC-V:
make qemu-riscv64_defconfig
Running U-Boot
The minimal QEMU command line to get U-Boot up and running is:
- For 32-bit RISC-V:
qemu-system-riscv32 -nographic -machine virt -kernel u-boot
- For 64-bit RISC-V:
qemu-system-riscv64 -nographic -machine virt -kernel u-boot
The commands above create targets with 128MiB memory by default.
A freely configurable amount of RAM can be created via the '-m'
parameter. For example, '-m 2G' creates 2GiB memory for the target,
and the memory node in the embedded DTB created by QEMU reflects
the new setting.
These have been tested in QEMU 3.0.0.