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* (C) 2001 Clemson University and The University of Chicago
* See COPYING in top-level directory.
* The ORANGEFS Linux kernel support allows ORANGEFS volumes to be mounted and
* accessed through the Linux VFS (i.e. using standard I/O system calls).
* This support is only needed on clients that wish to mount the file system.
* Declarations and macros for the ORANGEFS Linux kernel support.
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/statfs.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
#include <linux/posix_acl.h>
#include <linux/posix_acl_xattr.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/xattr.h>
#include <linux/exportfs.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
#include "orangefs-dev-proto.h"
#define ORANGEFS_DEFAULT_SLOT_TIMEOUT_SECS 900 /* 15 minutes */
#define ORANGEFS_REQDEVICE_NAME "pvfs2-req"
#define ORANGEFS_DEVREQ_MAGIC 0x20030529
#define ORANGEFS_LINK_MAX 0x000000FF
#define ORANGEFS_MAX_NUM_OPTIONS 0x00000004
#define ORANGEFS_MAX_MOUNT_OPT_LEN 0x00000080
#define MAX_DEV_REQ_UPSIZE (2 * sizeof(__s32) + \
sizeof(__u64) + sizeof(struct orangefs_upcall_s))
#define MAX_DEV_REQ_DOWNSIZE (2 * sizeof(__s32) + \
sizeof(__u64) + sizeof(struct orangefs_downcall_s))
* valid orangefs kernel operation states
* unknown - op was just initialized
* waiting - op is on request_list (upward bound)
* inprogr - op is in progress (waiting for downcall)
* serviced - op has matching downcall; ok
* purged - op has to start a timer since client-core
* exited uncleanly before servicing op
* given up - submitter has given up waiting for it
enum orangefs_vfs_op_states {
* orangefs kernel memory related flags
#if ((defined ORANGEFS_KERNEL_DEBUG) && (defined CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB))
#endif /* ((defined ORANGEFS_KERNEL_DEBUG) && (defined CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB)) */
extern int orangefs_init_acl(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir);
extern const struct xattr_handler *orangefs_xattr_handlers[];
extern struct posix_acl *orangefs_get_acl(struct inode *inode, int type);
extern int orangefs_set_acl(struct inode *inode, struct posix_acl *acl, int type);
* Redefine xtvec structure so that we could move helper functions out of
* the define
struct xtvec {
__kernel_off_t xtv_off; /* must be off_t */
__kernel_size_t xtv_len; /* must be size_t */
* orangefs data structures
struct orangefs_kernel_op_s {
enum orangefs_vfs_op_states op_state;
__u64 tag;
* Set uses_shared_memory to non zero if this operation uses
* shared memory. If true, then a retry on the op must also
* get a new shared memory buffer and re-populate it.
* Cancels don't care - it only matters for service_operation()
* retry logics and cancels don't go through it anymore. It
* safely stays non-zero when we use it as slot_to_free.
union {
int uses_shared_memory;
int slot_to_free;
struct orangefs_upcall_s upcall;
struct orangefs_downcall_s downcall;
struct completion waitq;
spinlock_t lock;
int attempts;
struct list_head list;
#define set_op_state_waiting(op) ((op)->op_state = OP_VFS_STATE_WAITING)
#define set_op_state_inprogress(op) ((op)->op_state = OP_VFS_STATE_INPROGR)
#define set_op_state_given_up(op) ((op)->op_state = OP_VFS_STATE_GIVEN_UP)
static inline void set_op_state_serviced(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op)
op->op_state = OP_VFS_STATE_SERVICED;
#define op_state_waiting(op) ((op)->op_state & OP_VFS_STATE_WAITING)
#define op_state_in_progress(op) ((op)->op_state & OP_VFS_STATE_INPROGR)
#define op_state_serviced(op) ((op)->op_state & OP_VFS_STATE_SERVICED)
#define op_state_purged(op) ((op)->op_state & OP_VFS_STATE_PURGED)
#define op_state_given_up(op) ((op)->op_state & OP_VFS_STATE_GIVEN_UP)
#define op_is_cancel(op) ((op)->upcall.type == ORANGEFS_VFS_OP_CANCEL)
void op_release(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op);
extern void orangefs_bufmap_put(int);
static inline void put_cancel(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op)
static inline void set_op_state_purged(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op)
if (unlikely(op_is_cancel(op))) {
} else {
op->op_state |= OP_VFS_STATE_PURGED;
/* per inode private orangefs info */
struct orangefs_inode_s {
struct orangefs_object_kref refn;
char link_target[ORANGEFS_NAME_MAX];
__s64 blksize;
* Reading/Writing Extended attributes need to acquire the appropriate
* reader/writer semaphore on the orangefs_inode_s structure.
struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem;
struct inode vfs_inode;
sector_t last_failed_block_index_read;
* State of in-memory attributes not yet flushed to disk associated
* with this object
unsigned long pinode_flags;
unsigned long getattr_time;
#define P_ATIME_FLAG 0
#define P_MTIME_FLAG 1
#define P_CTIME_FLAG 2
#define P_MODE_FLAG 3
#define ClearAtimeFlag(pinode) clear_bit(P_ATIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define SetAtimeFlag(pinode) set_bit(P_ATIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define AtimeFlag(pinode) test_bit(P_ATIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define ClearMtimeFlag(pinode) clear_bit(P_MTIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define SetMtimeFlag(pinode) set_bit(P_MTIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define MtimeFlag(pinode) test_bit(P_MTIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define ClearCtimeFlag(pinode) clear_bit(P_CTIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define SetCtimeFlag(pinode) set_bit(P_CTIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define CtimeFlag(pinode) test_bit(P_CTIME_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define ClearModeFlag(pinode) clear_bit(P_MODE_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define SetModeFlag(pinode) set_bit(P_MODE_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
#define ModeFlag(pinode) test_bit(P_MODE_FLAG, &(pinode)->pinode_flags)
/* per superblock private orangefs info */
struct orangefs_sb_info_s {
struct orangefs_khandle root_khandle;
__s32 fs_id;
int id;
int flags;
#define ORANGEFS_OPT_INTR 0x01
struct super_block *sb;
int mount_pending;
int no_list;
struct list_head list;
* structure that holds the state of any async I/O operation issued
* through the VFS. Needed especially to handle cancellation requests
* or even completion notification so that the VFS client-side daemon
* can free up its vfs_request slots.
struct orangefs_kiocb_s {
/* the pointer to the task that initiated the AIO */
struct task_struct *tsk;
/* pointer to the kiocb that kicked this operation */
struct kiocb *kiocb;
/* buffer index that was used for the I/O */
struct orangefs_bufmap *bufmap;
int buffer_index;
/* orangefs kernel operation type */
struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op;
/* The user space buffers from/to which I/O is being staged */
struct iovec *iov;
/* number of elements in the iovector */
unsigned long nr_segs;
/* set to indicate the type of the operation */
int rw;
/* file offset */
loff_t offset;
/* and the count in bytes */
size_t bytes_to_be_copied;
ssize_t bytes_copied;
int needs_cleanup;
struct orangefs_stats {
unsigned long cache_hits;
unsigned long cache_misses;
unsigned long reads;
unsigned long writes;
extern struct orangefs_stats orangefs_stats;
* NOTE: See Documentation/filesystems/porting for information
* on implementing FOO_I and properly accessing fs private data
static inline struct orangefs_inode_s *ORANGEFS_I(struct inode *inode)
return container_of(inode, struct orangefs_inode_s, vfs_inode);
static inline struct orangefs_sb_info_s *ORANGEFS_SB(struct super_block *sb)
return (struct orangefs_sb_info_s *) sb->s_fs_info;
/* ino_t descends from "unsigned long", 8 bytes, 64 bits. */
static inline ino_t orangefs_khandle_to_ino(struct orangefs_khandle *khandle)
union {
unsigned char u[8];
__u64 ino;
} ihandle;
ihandle.u[0] = khandle->u[0] ^ khandle->u[4];
ihandle.u[1] = khandle->u[1] ^ khandle->u[5];
ihandle.u[2] = khandle->u[2] ^ khandle->u[6];
ihandle.u[3] = khandle->u[3] ^ khandle->u[7];
ihandle.u[4] = khandle->u[12] ^ khandle->u[8];
ihandle.u[5] = khandle->u[13] ^ khandle->u[9];
ihandle.u[6] = khandle->u[14] ^ khandle->u[10];
ihandle.u[7] = khandle->u[15] ^ khandle->u[11];
return ihandle.ino;
static inline struct orangefs_khandle *get_khandle_from_ino(struct inode *inode)
return &(ORANGEFS_I(inode)->refn.khandle);
static inline __s32 get_fsid_from_ino(struct inode *inode)
return ORANGEFS_I(inode)->refn.fs_id;
static inline ino_t get_ino_from_khandle(struct inode *inode)
struct orangefs_khandle *khandle;
ino_t ino;
khandle = get_khandle_from_ino(inode);
ino = orangefs_khandle_to_ino(khandle);
return ino;
static inline ino_t get_parent_ino_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
return get_ino_from_khandle(dentry->d_parent->d_inode);
static inline int is_root_handle(struct inode *inode)
"%s: root handle: %pU, this handle: %pU:\n",
if (ORANGEFS_khandle_cmp(&(ORANGEFS_SB(inode->i_sb)->root_khandle),
return 0;
return 1;
static inline int match_handle(struct orangefs_khandle resp_handle,
struct inode *inode)
"%s: one handle: %pU, another handle:%pU:\n",
if (ORANGEFS_khandle_cmp(&resp_handle, get_khandle_from_ino(inode)))
return 0;
return 1;
* defined in orangefs-cache.c
int op_cache_initialize(void);
int op_cache_finalize(void);
struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op_alloc(__s32 type);
void orangefs_new_tag(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op);
char *get_opname_string(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *new_op);
int orangefs_inode_cache_initialize(void);
int orangefs_inode_cache_finalize(void);
* defined in orangefs-mod.c
void purge_inprogress_ops(void);
* defined in waitqueue.c
void purge_waiting_ops(void);
* defined in super.c
extern uint64_t orangefs_features;
struct dentry *orangefs_mount(struct file_system_type *fst,
int flags,
const char *devname,
void *data);
void orangefs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb);
int orangefs_remount(struct orangefs_sb_info_s *);
int fsid_key_table_initialize(void);
void fsid_key_table_finalize(void);
* defined in inode.c
__u32 convert_to_orangefs_mask(unsigned long lite_mask);
struct inode *orangefs_new_inode(struct super_block *sb,
struct inode *dir,
int mode,
dev_t dev,
struct orangefs_object_kref *ref);
int orangefs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr);
int orangefs_getattr(struct vfsmount *mnt,
struct dentry *dentry,
struct kstat *kstat);
int orangefs_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask);
* defined in xattr.c
int orangefs_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry,
const char *name,
const void *value,
size_t size,
int flags);
ssize_t orangefs_getxattr(struct dentry *dentry,
const char *name,
void *buffer,
size_t size);
ssize_t orangefs_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t size);
* defined in namei.c
struct inode *orangefs_iget(struct super_block *sb,
struct orangefs_object_kref *ref);
ssize_t orangefs_inode_read(struct inode *inode,
struct iov_iter *iter,
loff_t *offset,
loff_t readahead_size);
* defined in devorangefs-req.c
extern uint32_t orangefs_userspace_version;
int orangefs_dev_init(void);
void orangefs_dev_cleanup(void);
int is_daemon_in_service(void);
bool __is_daemon_in_service(void);
* defined in orangefs-utils.c
__s32 fsid_of_op(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op);
int orangefs_flush_inode(struct inode *inode);
ssize_t orangefs_inode_getxattr(struct inode *inode,
const char *name,
void *buffer,
size_t size);
int orangefs_inode_setxattr(struct inode *inode,
const char *name,
const void *value,
size_t size,
int flags);
int orangefs_inode_getattr(struct inode *inode, int new, int bypass);
int orangefs_inode_check_changed(struct inode *inode);
int orangefs_inode_setattr(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr);
void orangefs_make_bad_inode(struct inode *inode);
int orangefs_unmount_sb(struct super_block *sb);
bool orangefs_cancel_op_in_progress(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op);
int orangefs_normalize_to_errno(__s32 error_code);
extern struct mutex orangefs_request_mutex;
extern int op_timeout_secs;
extern int slot_timeout_secs;
extern int orangefs_dcache_timeout_msecs;
extern int orangefs_getattr_timeout_msecs;
extern struct list_head orangefs_superblocks;
extern spinlock_t orangefs_superblocks_lock;
extern struct list_head orangefs_request_list;
extern spinlock_t orangefs_request_list_lock;
extern wait_queue_head_t orangefs_request_list_waitq;
extern struct list_head *orangefs_htable_ops_in_progress;
extern spinlock_t orangefs_htable_ops_in_progress_lock;
extern int hash_table_size;
extern const struct address_space_operations orangefs_address_operations;
extern struct backing_dev_info orangefs_backing_dev_info;
extern const struct inode_operations orangefs_file_inode_operations;
extern const struct file_operations orangefs_file_operations;
extern const struct inode_operations orangefs_symlink_inode_operations;
extern const struct inode_operations orangefs_dir_inode_operations;
extern const struct file_operations orangefs_dir_operations;
extern const struct dentry_operations orangefs_dentry_operations;
extern const struct file_operations orangefs_devreq_file_operations;
extern wait_queue_head_t orangefs_bufmap_init_waitq;
* misc convenience macros
#define ORANGEFS_OP_INTERRUPTIBLE 1 /* service_operation() is interruptible */
#define ORANGEFS_OP_PRIORITY 2 /* service_operation() is high priority */
#define ORANGEFS_OP_CANCELLATION 4 /* this is a cancellation */
#define ORANGEFS_OP_NO_MUTEX 8 /* don't acquire request_mutex */
#define ORANGEFS_OP_ASYNC 16 /* Queue it, but don't wait */
int service_operation(struct orangefs_kernel_op_s *op,
const char *op_name,
int flags);
#define get_interruptible_flag(inode) \
((ORANGEFS_SB(inode->i_sb)->flags & ORANGEFS_OPT_INTR) ? \
#define fill_default_sys_attrs(sys_attr, type, mode) \
do { \
sys_attr.owner = from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_fsuid()); \ = from_kgid(&init_user_ns, current_fsgid()); \
sys_attr.perms = ORANGEFS_util_translate_mode(mode); \
sys_attr.mtime = 0; \
sys_attr.atime = 0; \
sys_attr.ctime = 0; \
} while (0)
static inline void orangefs_i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size)
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
i_size_write(inode, i_size);
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
static inline void orangefs_set_timeout(struct dentry *dentry)
unsigned long time = jiffies + orangefs_dcache_timeout_msecs*HZ/1000;
dentry->d_fsdata = (void *) time;
#endif /* __ORANGEFSKERNEL_H */