blob: e691ff734cb5adb5c9e5ff2c0da1c4bd790617ee [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
* This code is used on x86_64 to create page table identity mappings on
* demand by building up a new set of page tables (or appending to the
* existing ones), and then switching over to them when ready.
* Copyright (C) 2015-2016 Yinghai Lu
* Copyright (C) 2016 Kees Cook
* Since we're dealing with identity mappings, physical and virtual
* addresses are the same, so override these defines which are ultimately
* used by the headers in misc.h.
#define __pa(x) ((unsigned long)(x))
#define __va(x) ((void *)((unsigned long)(x)))
* The pgtable.h and mm/ident_map.c includes make use of the SME related
* information which is not used in the compressed image support. Un-define
* the SME support to avoid any compile and link errors.
/* No PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION support needed either: */
#include "misc.h"
/* These actually do the work of building the kernel identity maps. */
#include <asm/init.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
/* Use the static base for this part of the boot process */
#undef __PAGE_OFFSET
#include "../../mm/ident_map.c"
/* Used by pgtable.h asm code to force instruction serialization. */
unsigned long __force_order;
/* Used to track our page table allocation area. */
struct alloc_pgt_data {
unsigned char *pgt_buf;
unsigned long pgt_buf_size;
unsigned long pgt_buf_offset;
* Allocates space for a page table entry, using struct alloc_pgt_data
* above. Besides the local callers, this is used as the allocation
* callback in mapping_info below.
static void *alloc_pgt_page(void *context)
struct alloc_pgt_data *pages = (struct alloc_pgt_data *)context;
unsigned char *entry;
/* Validate there is space available for a new page. */
if (pages->pgt_buf_offset >= pages->pgt_buf_size) {
debug_putstr("out of pgt_buf in " __FILE__ "!?\n");
return NULL;
entry = pages->pgt_buf + pages->pgt_buf_offset;
pages->pgt_buf_offset += PAGE_SIZE;
return entry;
/* Used to track our allocated page tables. */
static struct alloc_pgt_data pgt_data;
/* The top level page table entry pointer. */
static unsigned long top_level_pgt;
* Mapping information structure passed to kernel_ident_mapping_init().
* Due to relocation, pointers must be assigned at run time not build time.
static struct x86_mapping_info mapping_info = {
.page_flag = __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC,
/* Locates and clears a region for a new top level page table. */
void initialize_identity_maps(void)
/* Init mapping_info with run-time function/buffer pointers. */
mapping_info.alloc_pgt_page = alloc_pgt_page;
mapping_info.context = &pgt_data;
* It should be impossible for this not to already be true,
* but since calling this a second time would rewind the other
* counters, let's just make sure this is reset too.
pgt_data.pgt_buf_offset = 0;
* If we came here via startup_32(), cr3 will be _pgtable already
* and we must append to the existing area instead of entirely
* overwriting it.
* With 5-level paging, we use '_pgtable' to allocate the p4d page table,
* the top-level page table is allocated separately.
* p4d_offset(top_level_pgt, 0) would cover both the 4- and 5-level
* cases. On 4-level paging it's equal to 'top_level_pgt'.
top_level_pgt = read_cr3_pa();
if (p4d_offset((pgd_t *)top_level_pgt, 0) == (p4d_t *)_pgtable) {
debug_putstr("booted via startup_32()\n");
pgt_data.pgt_buf = _pgtable + BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE;
pgt_data.pgt_buf_size = BOOT_PGT_SIZE - BOOT_INIT_PGT_SIZE;
memset(pgt_data.pgt_buf, 0, pgt_data.pgt_buf_size);
} else {
debug_putstr("booted via startup_64()\n");
pgt_data.pgt_buf = _pgtable;
pgt_data.pgt_buf_size = BOOT_PGT_SIZE;
memset(pgt_data.pgt_buf, 0, pgt_data.pgt_buf_size);
top_level_pgt = (unsigned long)alloc_pgt_page(&pgt_data);
* Adds the specified range to what will become the new identity mappings.
* Once all ranges have been added, the new mapping is activated by calling
* finalize_identity_maps() below.
void add_identity_map(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
unsigned long end = start + size;
/* Align boundary to 2M. */
start = round_down(start, PMD_SIZE);
end = round_up(end, PMD_SIZE);
if (start >= end)
/* Build the mapping. */
kernel_ident_mapping_init(&mapping_info, (pgd_t *)top_level_pgt,
start, end);
* This switches the page tables to the new level4 that has been built
* via calls to add_identity_map() above. If booted via startup_32(),
* this is effectively a no-op.
void finalize_identity_maps(void)