blob: 92b11a56d40fda45681658006180442435568661 [file] [log] [blame]
#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright 2015, The Android Open Source Project
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
from __future__ import print_function
from sys import argv, exit, stderr
from argparse import ArgumentParser, FileType, Action
from os import fstat
from struct import pack
from hashlib import sha1
import sys
import re
def filesize(f):
if f is None:
return 0
return fstat(f.fileno()).st_size
except OSError:
return 0
def update_sha(sha, f):
if f:
sha.update(pack('I', filesize(f)))
sha.update(pack('I', 0))
def pad_file(f, padding):
pad = (padding - (f.tell() & (padding - 1))) & (padding - 1)
f.write(pack(str(pad) + 'x'))
def get_number_of_pages(image_size, page_size):
"""calculates the number of pages required for the image"""
return (image_size + page_size - 1) / page_size
def get_recovery_dtbo_offset(args):
"""calculates the offset of recovery_dtbo image in the boot image"""
num_header_pages = 1 # header occupies a page
num_kernel_pages = get_number_of_pages(filesize(args.kernel), args.pagesize)
num_ramdisk_pages = get_number_of_pages(filesize(args.ramdisk), args.pagesize)
num_second_pages = get_number_of_pages(filesize(args.second), args.pagesize)
dtbo_offset = args.pagesize * (num_header_pages + num_kernel_pages +
num_ramdisk_pages + num_second_pages)
return dtbo_offset
def write_header(args):
BOOT_MAGIC = 'ANDROID!'.encode()
if (args.header_version > 2):
raise ValueError('Boot header version %d not supported' % args.header_version)
args.output.write(pack('8s', BOOT_MAGIC))
filesize(args.kernel), # size in bytes
args.base + args.kernel_offset, # physical load addr
filesize(args.ramdisk), # size in bytes
args.base + args.ramdisk_offset, # physical load addr
filesize(args.second), # size in bytes
args.base + args.second_offset, # physical load addr
args.base + args.tags_offset, # physical addr for kernel tags
args.pagesize, # flash page size we assume
args.header_version, # version of bootimage header
(args.os_version << 11) | args.os_patch_level)) # os version and patch level
args.output.write(pack('16s', args.board.encode())) # asciiz product name
args.output.write(pack('512s', args.cmdline[:512].encode()))
sha = sha1()
update_sha(sha, args.kernel)
update_sha(sha, args.ramdisk)
update_sha(sha, args.second)
if args.header_version > 0:
update_sha(sha, args.recovery_dtbo)
if args.header_version > 1:
update_sha(sha, args.dtb)
img_id = pack('32s', sha.digest())
args.output.write(pack('1024s', args.cmdline[512:].encode()))
if args.header_version > 0:
args.output.write(pack('I', filesize(args.recovery_dtbo))) # size in bytes
if args.recovery_dtbo:
args.output.write(pack('Q', get_recovery_dtbo_offset(args))) # recovery dtbo offset
args.output.write(pack('Q', 0)) # Will be set to 0 for devices without a recovery dtbo
# Populate boot image header size for header versions 1 and 2.
if args.header_version == 1:
args.output.write(pack('I', BOOT_IMAGE_HEADER_V1_SIZE))
elif args.header_version == 2:
args.output.write(pack('I', BOOT_IMAGE_HEADER_V2_SIZE))
if args.header_version > 1:
args.output.write(pack('I', filesize(args.dtb))) # size in bytes
args.output.write(pack('Q', args.base + args.dtb_offset)) # dtb physical load address
pad_file(args.output, args.pagesize)
return img_id
class ValidateStrLenAction(Action):
def __init__(self, option_strings, dest, nargs=None, **kwargs):
if 'maxlen' not in kwargs:
raise ValueError('maxlen must be set')
self.maxlen = int(kwargs['maxlen'])
del kwargs['maxlen']
super(ValidateStrLenAction, self).__init__(option_strings, dest, **kwargs)
def __call__(self, parser, namespace, values, option_string=None):
if len(values) > self.maxlen:
raise ValueError('String argument too long: max {0:d}, got {1:d}'.
format(self.maxlen, len(values)))
setattr(namespace, self.dest, values)
def write_padded_file(f_out, f_in, padding):
if f_in is None:
pad_file(f_out, padding)
def parse_int(x):
return int(x, 0)
def parse_os_version(x):
match ='^(\d{1,3})(?:\.(\d{1,3})(?:\.(\d{1,3}))?)?', x)
if match:
a = int(
b = c = 0
if match.lastindex >= 2:
b = int(
if match.lastindex == 3:
c = int(
# 7 bits allocated for each field
assert a < 128
assert b < 128
assert c < 128
return (a << 14) | (b << 7) | c
return 0
def parse_os_patch_level(x):
match ='^(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})', x)
if match:
y = int( - 2000
m = int(
# 7 bits allocated for the year, 4 bits for the month
assert y >= 0 and y < 128
assert m > 0 and m <= 12
return (y << 4) | m
return 0
def parse_cmdline():
parser = ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('--kernel', help='path to the kernel', type=FileType('rb'),
parser.add_argument('--ramdisk', help='path to the ramdisk', type=FileType('rb'))
parser.add_argument('--second', help='path to the 2nd bootloader', type=FileType('rb'))
parser.add_argument('--dtb', help='path to dtb', type=FileType('rb'))
recovery_dtbo_group = parser.add_mutually_exclusive_group()
recovery_dtbo_group.add_argument('--recovery_dtbo', help='path to the recovery DTBO', type=FileType('rb'))
recovery_dtbo_group.add_argument('--recovery_acpio', help='path to the recovery ACPIO',
type=FileType('rb'), metavar='RECOVERY_ACPIO', dest='recovery_dtbo')
parser.add_argument('--cmdline', help='extra arguments to be passed on the '
'kernel command line', default='', action=ValidateStrLenAction, maxlen=1536)
parser.add_argument('--base', help='base address', type=parse_int, default=0x10000000)
parser.add_argument('--kernel_offset', help='kernel offset', type=parse_int, default=0x00008000)
parser.add_argument('--ramdisk_offset', help='ramdisk offset', type=parse_int, default=0x01000000)
parser.add_argument('--second_offset', help='2nd bootloader offset', type=parse_int,
parser.add_argument('--dtb_offset', help='dtb offset', type=parse_int, default=0x01f00000)
parser.add_argument('--os_version', help='operating system version', type=parse_os_version,
parser.add_argument('--os_patch_level', help='operating system patch level',
type=parse_os_patch_level, default=0)
parser.add_argument('--tags_offset', help='tags offset', type=parse_int, default=0x00000100)
parser.add_argument('--board', help='board name', default='', action=ValidateStrLenAction,
parser.add_argument('--pagesize', help='page size', type=parse_int,
choices=[2**i for i in range(11,15)], default=2048)
parser.add_argument('--id', help='print the image ID on standard output',
parser.add_argument('--header_version', help='boot image header version', type=parse_int, default=0)
parser.add_argument('-o', '--output', help='output file name', type=FileType('wb'),
return parser.parse_args()
def write_data(args):
write_padded_file(args.output, args.kernel, args.pagesize)
write_padded_file(args.output, args.ramdisk, args.pagesize)
write_padded_file(args.output, args.second, args.pagesize)
if args.header_version > 0:
write_padded_file(args.output, args.recovery_dtbo, args.pagesize)
if args.header_version > 1:
write_padded_file(args.output, args.dtb, args.pagesize)
def main():
args = parse_cmdline()
img_id = write_header(args)
if isinstance(img_id, str):
# Python 2's struct.pack returns a string, but py3 returns bytes.
img_id = [ord(x) for x in img_id]
print('0x' + ''.join('{:02x}'.format(c) for c in img_id))
if __name__ == '__main__':