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* Copyright (C) 2019 The Android Open Source Project
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
#pragma once
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <type_traits>
#include <vector>
#include <android-base/collections.h>
#include <android-base/macros.h>
#include <android-base/unique_fd.h>
namespace android {
namespace base {
#if !defined(_WIN32)
// Helpers for sending and receiving file descriptors across Unix domain sockets.
// The cmsg(3) API is very hard to get right, with multiple landmines that can
// lead to death. Almost all of the uses of cmsg in Android make at least one of
// the following mistakes:
// - not aligning the cmsg buffer
// - leaking fds if more fds are received than expected
// - blindly dereferencing CMSG_DATA without checking the header
// - using CMSG_SPACE instead of CMSG_LEN for .cmsg_len
// - using CMSG_LEN instead of CMSG_SPACE for .msg_controllen
// - using a length specified in number of fds instead of bytes
// These functions wrap the hard-to-use cmsg API with an easier to use abstraction.
// Send file descriptors across a Unix domain socket.
// Note that the write can return short if the socket type is SOCK_STREAM. When
// this happens, file descriptors are still sent to the other end, but with
// truncated data. For this reason, using SOCK_SEQPACKET or SOCK_DGRAM is recommended.
ssize_t SendFileDescriptorVector(int sock, const void* data, size_t len,
const std::vector<int>& fds);
// Receive file descriptors from a Unix domain socket.
// If more FDs (or bytes, for datagram sockets) are received than expected,
// -1 is returned with errno set to EMSGSIZE, and all received FDs are thrown away.
ssize_t ReceiveFileDescriptorVector(int sock, void* data, size_t len, size_t max_fds,
std::vector<android::base::unique_fd>* fds);
// Helper for SendFileDescriptorVector that constructs a std::vector for you, e.g.:
// SendFileDescriptors(sock, "foo", 3, std::move(fd1), std::move(fd2))
template <typename... Args>
ssize_t SendFileDescriptors(int sock, const void* data, size_t len, Args&&... sent_fds) {
// Do not allow implicit conversion to int: people might try to do something along the lines of:
// SendFileDescriptors(..., std::move(a_unique_fd))
// and be surprised when the unique_fd isn't closed afterwards.
std::vector<int> fds;
Append(fds, std::forward<Args>(sent_fds)...);
return SendFileDescriptorVector(sock, data, len, fds);
// Helper for ReceiveFileDescriptorVector that receives an exact number of file descriptors.
// If more file descriptors are received than requested, -1 is returned with errno set to EMSGSIZE.
// If fewer file descriptors are received than requested, -1 is returned with errno set to ENOMSG.
// In both cases, all arguments are cleared and any received FDs are thrown away.
template <typename... Args>
ssize_t ReceiveFileDescriptors(int sock, void* data, size_t len, Args&&... received_fds) {
std::vector<unique_fd*> fds;
Append(fds, std::forward<Args>(received_fds)...);
std::vector<unique_fd> result;
ssize_t rc = ReceiveFileDescriptorVector(sock, data, len, fds.size(), &result);
if (rc == -1 || result.size() != fds.size()) {
int err = rc == -1 ? errno : ENOMSG;
for (unique_fd* fd : fds) {
errno = err;
return -1;
for (size_t i = 0; i < fds.size(); ++i) {
*fds[i] = std::move(result[i]);
return rc;
} // namespace base
} // namespace android